||Box of medicinal package
||A faded green paper box with a broken orange label. This box can be opened from bottom side. Originally the label also sealed the box opening, but now the label is torn in the box opening area. The label did not cut along the black print's frame so part ofthe label is cut apaprt. There are some hard grimes on the box. The box and label have tears. The box is made of strawpaper. The box is a container for medicinal tea, and the manufacturer is from eastern Guang Dong, China.
||A small paper wrapped cylinder. The wrapped paper is yellowed and on the both ends, the paper is broken. Inside the wrapped paper, itseems the have a rolled prescription and a bottle, but they cannot be taken out.
This medicine is pill-shaped for antitussive and expectorant.
The same as 1997.43.16A.
||1997.43.17Ai (as folding package: L: 3.42", W: 2.36"; as unfolding paper: L: 7.28", W: 7.28")
A two sides printed paper wrapped with a tear-drop shaped glass bottle.
The outside of the paper is printed in brown. The medicine is from Qing dynasty, Guang Dong province. There is a broken, thin, black-brown paper seal stuck on it. There are some tears on it. The brown color is faded.
The inside of the paper is blue printed. There are three prescritions. One is for general diarrhea and abdominal illness and vomit. Take 30-40- pills with tea each time. There are other two prescriptions have no relation to this medicine, but they are given as free gifts. One is for emergency cholear, vomit and diarrhea, and cramp. One is for dry-cholear (want to vomit or diarrhea but cannot).
A tear-drop shaped glass bottle(H: 2.64", W: 1.18") with a cork that sealed with red seal. There is a white label with fading red print adhered to the bottle. On the label is the name of this medicine. There are many red pills in the bottle.
The same medicine packages as 1997.43.17A but unopened. The brown print is fading. There are some creases and tears on the paper.
||Patent medicine set
This is a glass bottle (H:2.4", W:0.51"), and the glass has a lot of tiny bubbles. The medical oil is browm and it seems not to be used. There are a red seal and a cork in the opening area. The bottle is in good condition.
A broken hardboard box (L:2.76", W:0.91", H:0.71"), and two pieces of paper. Their condition is fair,
The hardboard box without upper and bottom cover. The box is wrapped by a discolored paper. Many cracks along the folding sides. near top and bottom, the cracks are most serious. In the front of the box, there is orange brand paper.
Inside the box, therer are tow pieces of paper: one is small, white, red printed paper (L:3.15", W:2.36"), another is orange paper (L:11.42", W:3.94").
The white paper states its patent right, and its new package from 1897.
The orange paper states the usages and functions of the medicinal oil. The oil is for climatic sickness, diarrhea, cold, nausea, illness after pregnancy, and physical wounds. People can use it by smearing and drinking with or without tea or boy's urine.
A hardboard box(H:1.81", W: 1.89", L: 5.12), which is made as a container for 1997.43.20B.
Now the condition of the box is fair. The upper face is disappeared and there are several tears around upper part of the box.
A glass bottle(L: 1.77", W:1", H:4.92") with red cap and dark brown oil. The bottle is in excellent condition.
This bottle has a cork, but some part of it becomes powder. This "true red flower oil" is made from Singapore and for the treatment of heartache, stomachache, headache, illness after childbirth, cold, boneache, rheumatism, paraplegic, dropsy, and any other cut or sores. It can be taken by spreading it on ache areas or drinking it.
||Patent medicine set
A hardboard box (L: 3.15", W: 3.15", H:1.97"). The outer surface of the box is wrapped by a golden, orange paper, and the inner box is wrapped by red paper. On the outer surface of the box there are two red labels. The larger one is about the business of the store, which is making any kinds of wax pills; the smaller one is the name of the wax pills. The box has a broken closure, which is a white bone tab slides into a paper loop. On the bone tab, there is a small hole to insert a paper loop.
This is a paper insert, which has four holes for four wax pills. There is red paper adhereds to the hardboard fram of the insert. There are some white residues around the holes that come from wax pills.
Four the same prescription sheets (L:11.22", W:7.8"). One of them(1997.43.21E) is torn a little. They are printed in red color. The description has the brand of the store, the usage of the pills, and teh locations of the store.
Four wax pills(D:1.38"). Each pill has a yellow wax shell, and there is white powder all over the shell. inside the shell is a black pill with a golden square stamp on it. There is also a stamp on the surface of the wax shells. One wax pill is broken into four pieces.
The medicine is a panacea. People can take it whether they have any illness or not. It can be taken by directly holding it in the mouth or decoct it with longan aril, kaki, and Chinese jujube.
||Patent medicine set
||This set is the same as 1997.43.21, but it has two more the same orange color sheets (L:2.6", W:2.48").
Two pieces of small square, orange, black printed paper. They are the same business papers, which describe the the patent of a medicinal oil. Except the same store, there is no relationship between the wax pills and the medicinal oil.
The closure part of this set is good in the box.
other parts are the same as 1997.43.21.
||Patent medicine set
||The same set as 1997.43.21 and 1997.43.22.
The red part of this set has more serious fading. The closure part of the box is good. The smaller label stuck outside the box became two parts: one is the surface of the label, and another is the white adhering layer.
One side of the insert frame is torn from the red hardboard. The bottom side of the insert hardboard is broken.
||Patent medicine set
A rectangular hardboard box (L:4.13", W:1.97", H:1.81"). The outside upper side is adhered a red label, which states the brand name, location, adn the name of medicine. The medicine is used for preventing phlegm froming and stopping coughing. The color of the red label is faded. The label is printed in black. The corners of the label is rolled up.
Only part of the bottom side is wrapped by color paper, and most area is white.
The four sides are wrapped by paper with yellow, golden, and orange colors. On the back side, there is a part of color is obviously faded.
Inside the box is wrapped by red paper. The upper side is a red label with black prints. The closure of the box is a small, thin bone tab with a small hole inserted a red paper loop, whcih is inserted inthe upperside paper. The bone tab can be inserted in another red paper loop, which is inserted into two small holes of the front side.
A piece of yellowish paper (L:3.46", W:1.57") with black prints. There is a brown stain on the paper. The right side of the apper has irregular edge. The paper stses the real brand of the medicine is a calabash, and customers can identify the real medicine by the brand.
Three peices of yellowish paper (L:16.32, W:6.5") with red prints. The right upper part is a drawing of the store's founder. The right lower part is a brand statement made in 1899 A.D.. The middle part is a prescritpion of the medicine. The left part is a map of the drug store.
||A small glass bottle with a cork and is sealed with red seal. The red seal has the name and the location printed on it.
There are some holes in the cork and the red seal is uncompleted. There are at least thirty light brown pills in the bottle. The pills are for women's use only.
||This is a glass bottle with a metal screw cap. The glass has many small bubbles. There are 27 small black pills in the bottle, and some of the pills have brown part of them. Near teh opening of the bottle there are dard pink stains. The container part of the bottle is very shallow. Half of the bottle is te glass bottom. The cap is a tarnish silver color metal. There is a very thin, dark pink cover inside the cap, and there are several scratches on it.
The medicine is unidentifiable.
A small glass bottle (D:1.69", H:2.76") with a golden, brown metal screw cap. This bottle originally is made for "Carter's paste."
There are many tiny, black pills (D: < 0.2") in the bottle.
A piece of yellowish, black printed paper (L: 10.43", W: 7.48") is folded in the bottle. The paper is printed in Japanese. It describes the medical experts, who invented the medicine, and the main functions and usage of the medicine. The paper has tears and is a little fragile.
||The container is a glass bottle with a cork.
There is brown powder inside the bottle, and there is a name written in black pen "Tin Powder" in Chinese characters outside the bottle.
||A small round metal box with red varnish on the outer surface. The ointment is made in Shang Hai, China. On the top of the cap, there are some brown residues and scratches, On the bottom is English translation name and another unknown language. The red cover in the bottom is also flaking. The ointment is now hardened and stuck on the bottom. There is some dust from the container bottle stuck on the ointment's surface.
A cuboid, hardboard box (L:1.06", W:0.62", H:2.87") without covers on the top and bottom. The box is wrapped by yellow bckground, orange flowers and red bricks paper. The texture is blurred. There is a piece of orange label adhered to the box. The label has names of the medicine and the drug store, and the location of the drug store inside a frame. On the bottom of the label, there are some black stains. There are cracks on the edges near both ends of the box. The wrapped paper is a little separated from the hardboard.
A description sheet (L:10.98", W:8.74"). The sheet is very thin, and yellowed, and is printed in black. The medicine oil is originally from Guang Dong province, and is sold in Hong Kong. There are two faded stamps on the sheet. Thsioil can be smeared on wounded areas or drunk with tea. The oil is for any kinds of illness. The paper is frayed that there are some small holes on the paper.
A glass bottle (H:2.36", W:0.59") with green seal on the opening part. One part of green seal and the cork is flaked. In the connection area between the cork and the bottle, there is a brown residue and dusts circling the connection areas. There are oil deposites in the bottom of the bottle. A red label is attached on the bottle. The red color is fading and the black prints are blurred. There are some yellow stains on the label. The label has the brand stamp on it, and is emphasized on its patent.
A hardboard box (L:0.79", W:0.71", H:2.87") is wrapped by green background paper with a texture that has a symbol in each black honeycomb. The box is without the bottom and top covers. There is a red label with black print adhered to the box. The color of the wrapped paper is faded, especially in the edges. The red color of the label is also faded and the black print is blurred. There are some tears in teh wrapped paper. The red label is a little separated from the box. Near both ends of the box, there are two large stains, which seem from the leaking medicine oil. The symbol disappeared almost completely.
A thin, yellowed, and foxed prescription paper (L:11.89", W:8.94"). It is printed in pink and is with a faded red stamp. The print is a little blurred. The medicine oil is for any internal or external illness. It can be smeared on ounded areas or can be drunk.
A glass bottle (L:0.55",W:0.39", H:2.91") with a red seal opening. There is a pink label with blurred black characters. There are brown deposites near the opening area. There is half brown oil left in the bottle.
||Patent medicine set
||The 1997.43.32A~C are the same set, but 1997.43.32D and E are different packages though all of them are the same product.
1997.43.32A (the whole set is in a fair condition)
A hardboard, cuboid box (L:0.79", W:0.79", H:2.87") with top and bottom covers. The box is wrapped by fading green with white flower bricks paper. The texture is blurred. One box brim has 1.46" crack. There is a red albel with black prints adhered to the box. The names of mediciine and the durg store, and the location of the drug store are on the label. Th hardboard is separating and there is a small red piece of paper stuck on inside. The red paper is rolling, fading, and having dust and fuzzy.
A medicine prescription (L:11.38", W:9.21"). A thin, yellowed, foxing piece of paper with fading pink print. It states the medicinal oil is used for both internal illness and external wounds. People can spred it on spots, or drink it with tea. This medicine is panacea for everybody.
This is a small glass bottle (H:2.13",W:0.5") witha cork and a red label. There is brown medicinal oil in it. There are red stains on the bottle. Near the cork, some red stains are around the opening. The cork is broken.
1997.43.32Bi~iii (Condition: Good)
The same set as 1997.43.32A. The red label on the surface of the box is blurred. The wrapped paper of the box has several tears around brims. The red label almost separated from the box. There are two small holes on the cork of the bottle. There is red seal spread around the cork. The seal is a little sticky and is stuck dusts.
The same set as 1997.43.32A. There is a small top cover on the box, but it is fragile. There is a torn red paper stuck on it. The cover is only attached to the box by the wrapping paper. There are several tears on the brims of the box.
This is the same product as 1997.43.32A~C, but has different package. The different package began in 1921A.D. according to the prescription sheet.
A hardboard box (L:0.79", W:0.79", H:2.87") and it is wrapped by yellow paper with red flower bricks. The wrapped paper is faded and blurred. The top cover is almost separated from the box, and there is a red piece of paper attached inside the cover and the box. There is a red label attached inthe box that now has English translations on it, which are not existed in the old package.
A prescription sheet (L: 11.73", W:9.45") printed in red and green colors. The paper is folded and yellowed. the seet is added a statement of different package and English translations.
A glass bottle (H:2.76", W:0.59") with some brown medicine oil. The front red label has black stains and is burred. The red seal is a little sticky and is attached to some fuzzy dirt.
A torn box (L:1.97", W:1.46", H:3.54") without top and bottom covers.
The box is made by two hardboard layers, and the outer layer is shorter than the inner one. There is a color wrapping paper, but the colors are fading and blurred. There is a fading red label with blrred black prints. This box is for some medicine oil. This oil is the same as 1997.43.32A~D. There is a piece of red, thin paper adhered on the hardboard from upper side of the outer layer to the upper side of the inner layer. There is another the same red paper adhered to the inner box. There are some tears on the paper. Both two hardboard layers are separated, except the fragile connection of the thin, red paper, which is attached to the upper sides of both two layers. There are many black stains on the inner red paper. There is a long crack (1.5") on the front edge.
||5 the same medicinal tea packages.
A yellow-orange paper package with medicine tea in it. The manufactural company started from 1915A.D.. The medicinal tea is for curing and preventing fever symptoms. Taking this medicine tea with hot water. Adults can take 1~2 packages per time, and pelple age from 5~15 take half~1 package. On the package, there are a figure of a doctor, who invented this medicine, brand marks, and statements of functions, usages, and patent.
Many tears on the paper package, and the box is broken so the inner tea is leaking out.
1997.43.33B and 1997.43.33D
The same condition as 1997.43.33A.
The same condition as 1997.43.33A, but its top part is disappeared.
The same conditon as 1997.43.33A, but its top cover is almost torn apart from the package, and there is only a little tea inside.
A small white rectangular box (L:1.1", W:0.79", H:2.6"). Inside the box there is another hardboard layer, and inside the layer are one folded, rolled paper and a bottle with a cork inserted inthe middle of paper. The paper and the bottle cannot be taken out.
On the surface of the box, there are three labels adhered to the surface. One is on the cap, and it has red, black, and green colors, but the white background color becomes yellowish. The characters on it are the name and the location of the drug store. Another label is a black-white label adhered to the connection area of the box. The characters also says the name and the location of the drug store and the medicine. Another black-white label is adhered to the lower part of the box, and it states three different costs of three amount of the medicine oil.
The black-white label adgered to the connect part is torn. The medicine is from Guang Dong province, China. The white box is now yellowish.
The rolled and folded paper inside the box is green in 1997.43.34C.
A brown, broken, uncompleted medicine prescription (L:10.75", W:6.46"). There are some stains on it. This prescrition states the functions and usage of a medicinal oil, which is the same as 1997.43.34A~C.
Functions: adominal aches, asthma, nomit, cholera, apoplexy, acute infantile convulsion, chronic infantile convulsion, phlegm, spasm, cough, sunstroke, and skin itches.
Usage: take five drops every half an hour with tea. Children take half amount dose as that for adults. The oil can be used as embrocation, too.
It is a very soft mineral composed mainly of hydrous magnesium silicate.
It is used as diuretic and to clear up summer dampheat for the treatment of acute diseases due to summer heat, acute enteritis, watery diarrhean oliguria and infections of the urinary system.
||Patent medicine set
||Five "Po Chai Pills" set (L:0.79", W:0.59", H:2.44"), From Li Ghung Shing Tong, Canton, China. Each set has water-proved wrappered paper, a bottle with red pills and red caps, and prescription sheets. All sets (1997.43.36A~E)are in Fair condition.
The wrapped paper of this set is broken on top, and its red prints are blurred, and it has folding creases. The wrapped paper is very thin, and yellowed, and has black, dark stains.
The wrapped paper is reversed side. The whole set is under good wrapping condition. Only some areas have small nicks. The wrapped paper is yellowed near borwn color.
the ends of the wrapped paper are broken and have foxes. From the broken end, you can see red pills in the bottle.
Both ends of the wrapped paper are broken. There are yellow-brown stains on the paper.
Few tiny nicks on both ends of wrapping paper.
1997.43.36F (Condition: Good)
A glass bottle (H:2", W:0.5") with a red label. The opening area is broken, and there is a red stain on it. The bottle has small dark stains. The bottle is used for storing " Po Chai Pills" from Li Ghung Shing Tong.
1997.43.36G (Condition: Good)
A red paper package(L:2.28", W:1.57"). The print edition is 1940A.D. There is a picture of the founder. The printed paper is faded and there is a tear on the left bottom corner.
Location: Guang Dong.
Brand's name: Li Ghung Shing Tong.
Name of the medicine: Po Chai Pills.
1997.43.36H (Condition: Good)
The same package as 1997.43.36G. There are tears on the top edge.
1997.43.36Ii~iii (Condition: Excellent)
A color printed paper box (L:0.55", W0.55", H:2.05"). The print started from 1970A.D. There are a founder's figure, the names of the medicine pill (Po Chai Pills) and the drug store (Li Chung Shing Tong), the usage and functions, and English translated functions on box. This medicine is from Hong Kong. Inside the box, the paper is yellowed.
A color printed prescription sheet (L:6.02", W;3.46"). The sheet is yellwoed and has a tear on the left edge. The sheet has both Chinese and English explanations. This edit of print was from 1961. Po Chai Pills are good for diarrhoea, vomitings, influenza, fever, over-eating, over-intoxicating and gastrointinal diseases. It can be taken with water or tea.
A plastic bottle (D:0.47", H:1.85") with embossed Chinese and Eng;osj names of medicine and manufactural place. Inside the bottle are many small red pills. The name of the drug store is also embossed on the lid.
A prescription sheet (L:7.48", W:5.28") of Guang Dong, Li Zhong Sheng Tang's Po Chai Pills. This print edition started from 1936A.D. .On the top are pictures of the main production factory, the main package factory, two brand stamps and the founder's picture. On the lower part are its patent statement, functions and usage.
The functions and usage are similar as 1997.43.36I.
This edition also states for emergency situations as children's acute infantile convulsion, faint, having phlegm suddenly and seriously etc., grind two doses of pills and drink it with boy's urine. For external wounded areas, grind pills and smear the powder on the wounded areas.
||Patent medicine set
||A glass jar (D:3.58", H:3.94")with embossed letters "IMPROVED Everlasting JAR" on the side and "PAT.AUG.22.05." on the lid. There is a broken crack on the edge of the lid.
Inside the jar, there are14 paper wrapped medicines. The paper (L:12.40", W:10.83") is a prescription and is printed in black. On the paper there is a red stamp that now is blurred. The stamp seems like "MADE IN HONG KONG." There is another red stamp on the prescription, but it is faded and unreadable. The prescription is yellowed and has many folding wrinkles.
Inside the paper is a small glass bottle (W:0.59", H:6.3") with a red seal. There are labels on the front and back side. The one on the front is a red label with the medicine's name. The one on the back has two labels, the bottom one seems the same as the front one, and there is another white label adhered to its top. The white one has the same red stamp "MADE IN HONG KONG" as that on the prescription sheet. The red stamp is blurred and there is a pink stain on it . Inside the bottle are many small red pills.
This medicine is a panacea, and can be taken in different quantities according to different illness and age. This medicine can not be taken by pregnant women.
||Patent medicine set
A hardboard box (L:4.33", W:3.15", H:1.89"). The box is wrpped with paper, which covers the whole outer surfaces, except teh bottom. It is covered losely woven fabric. The fabric is with yellow and green weft froms the back ground, and red, blue supplementary weft forms a floral pattern. One side of the box is stuck a faded red label with the store name and location, and the name of medicine. There is a red-yellowish loop insert in the top hardboard, and the loop also loops a thin-shipped bone through a small crack of the bone. The bone is inserted into another red loop on the side. there is a big crack (1.81") in one back edge. Inside the box is stuck a red paper.
A six holes hardboard insert with faded red paper on top and yellowish paper on the bottom. There is a rectangular hardboard frame stuck to the paper. The red paper a little separates from hardboard, and there are many white powder dots from wax balls on it. The yellowish paper also a little separates from the hardboard. The hardboard frame becomes a little fuzzy.
A piece of thin yellowish paper (L:8.31", W:4.72") with a pink print. This is a statement warning customers that there is only one real drug store sell the wax balls, and others are fakes. The mediccine is made in Hong Kong.
Three the same yellowish pieces of paper (L:11.73", W:7.87"). There are two red brand stamps on the top of black printed medicine functions and usage.
The possible ingredients of this medicine are: Radix Ginseng, Cornu Vervi Pantotrichum, Semen Nelumbinis, Semen Zizyphi Spinosae, Herba Cynomorii, Radix Morindae Officinalis, Fructus Lycii, etc.
Functions: For replenish vital energy and blood, nourish essence of both the liver and the kidney, and invigorate the function of the spleen and stomach,, for the treatment of deficiency of vital energy and blood and lowered functioning of the kidney with lassitude, fatigue, poor appetite, spermatorrhea, anemia, early graying of the hair, etc.
Usage: Break the wax ball, and take the black pill directly by holding it in the mouth or decoct it with Longan Aril.
Reference: <>1984; 1985 Xie Zhufan, Huang Xiaokai ed. The commercial press, Ltd.. China books and Periodicals, Inc.. p.250: Ginseng and Polose Antler Life-preserving Pills.
Five wax balls and one black ball (D:1"~1.46") with its broken wax shell. Some broken wax shells are stuck in other wx balls. Every round wax balls have two small bulgy points, and is covered with white powder. However, the white powder is faded and the brown-yellow wax shells are revealed. Every wax shell has two stamps, one is the name of the brand "uan i tang," and another one is unidentified.
||[sheng shi gao]
A soft mineral composed of hydrated calcium sulphate.
It is used as antipyretic for heat in the lung and stomach with high fever, fidget, and thirst.
||[hou po]; [chuan po]
Cortex Magnoliae Officinalis
The dried barks of Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils. or Magnolia officinalis var. biloba Rehd. et Wils.(family Magnoliaceae).
1. to promote the flow of vital energy for the treatment of gastro-intestinal distension with pain due to food stagnation.
2. to invigorate the function of the spleen by drying up the dampness for the treatment of vomiting, diarrhea due to dyspepsia.
3. to relieve cough and asthmatic conditions with profuse phlegm.
||Donkey-hide Gelatin; Ass-hide Glue
||[e jiao] or [lu pi jiao]
Colla Corii Asini
The glue prepared from the skin of Ass, Eguus asinus L. (family Eguidae).
1. to nourish the blood and to stop bleeding for symptoms of deficiency of blood and all kinds of bleeding.
2. to nourish the vital essence and to soothe the lung for the treatment of insomnia, dry cough and blood system (e.g. in pulmonary tuberculosis).
The dried root of Ledebouriella diraricate (Turcz.) Hiroe (family Umbelliferae).
1. as diaphoretic for affection due to wind and cold and rheumatic pain.
2.as spapsmolytic for tetanus.
||[sang piao xiao]
The steamed and dried egg-case of praying mantis, Tenodera sinensis Saussure, Statilja maculata (Thunb.) or Hierodula patellifera (Serrille) (family Mantidae).
1. an astringent for the treatment of freguent micturition, urorrhea, seminal emission and leukorrhagia.
||Trichosanthes Root; Snake-gourd Root
||[tian hua fen]
The dried root of Mongolian Snakegourd, Trichosanthes kirilowii Maxim. or Japanese Snakegourd, Trichosanthes japonica Regel (family Cucurbitaceae).
It is used for relieving thirst (such as in diabetes mellitus) and inflammatory swellings. An injection prepared from it is used for artificial abortion.
||[sheng di huang]
The dried tuberous root of Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch (family Scrophulariaceae).
The fresh root is used for the treatment of thirst, exanthesis, and bleeding due to existence of pathological heat.
The dried root has similar effect, and is also used to nourish the vital essence for the treament of its deficiency.
||Xanthium Fruit; Cochlebur Fruit
||[cang er zi]
The dried fruit of Xanthium sibiricum Patrin. (family Compositae).
1. as antiallergic, antipruritic and antirheumatic for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, nasosinusitis, pruritus of the skin, and rheumatism.
||Vaccaria Seed; Cow Soapwort Seed
||[wang bu liu xing]
The seeds of Cow-Soapwort (Cow Basil), Vaccaria segetalis (Neck.) Garcke (family Caryophyllaceae).
1. as emmenagogue and galactagogue for the treatment of amenorrhea and deficiency of lactation after child-birth.
2. for the treatment of calculus formation in the urinary system.
||[jin yin hua]
The dried flower-buds of Lonicera japonica Thunb., Lonicera hypoglauca Miq., Lonicera confusa DC., or Lonicera dasystyla Rehd. (family Caprifoliaceae).
It has strong antibacterial action and is used as antipyretic and anti-inflammatory agent for pyogenic infections such as inflammation of the upper respiratory tract, boils and furuncles, enteritis, dysentery, etc..
||Lucid Ligustrum Fruit, Grossy Privet Fru
||[nu zhen zi]
Fructus Ligustri Lucidi
The dried fruit of Grossy Privet, Ligustrum Iucidum Ait.(family Oleaceae).
1. to replenish the vital essence of liver and kidney, to darken th ehair an dto improve the eyesight for the treatment of early greying of the hair, dim, eyesight, lumbago, and neurasthenia.
The horn of Asiatic Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros unicornis L., Rhinoceros sondaicus Desmarest or Rhinoceros sumatrensis Cuvier ( family Rhinocerotidae).
It is used for the treatment of impaired consciousness and maculation with high fever in acute infectious diseases, also used for bleeding due to existence of pathological heat.
The dried rhizomes of Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. (family Amaryllidaceae).
1. to warm up the kidney and to reinforce the vita function of sexual organ for the treatment of aching back and knees with intolerance of cold, impotence, urorrhea, and climacteric hyper-tension.
||[yin yang huo] or [xian ling pi]
The dried aerial parts of Epimedium brevicornum Maxim., Epimedium Koreanum Nakai or Epimedium sagittatum (Sieb. et Zucc) Maxim. (family Berberidaceae).
1. to replenish the vital function of the kidney especially that of sexual organs for the treatment of sexual neurasthenis.
2. as an antirheumatic agent for rheumatic pains.
||Belamcanda Rhizome; Blackberrylily Rhizo
The dried rhcizomes of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. (family Iridaceae).
1. as febrifugal, detoxicating and anti-inflammatory agent for acute tonsillitis, acute laryngitis, and edema of the glottis.
||Imperata Rhizome; Cogongrass Rhizome
||[bai mao gen]
The dried rhizomes of Imperata cylindrica Beauv. var. major (Nees) C.E. Hubb. (family Graminae).
1. as a bebrifugal, diuretic and gemostatic agent for the treatment of epitaxis, hematuria, edema, jaundice, urodynia, etc. associated with heat symptom-complexes.
2. as hemostatic and diuretic by eliminating evil heat from blood manly for the treatment of nasal bleeding, hematuria and edema due to acute nephritis.
The dried frutis of Weeping Forsythia, Forsythia suspensa (Thunv.) Vahl (family Oleaceae).
Its actions are similar to those of 1997.43.60, with which it is usually prescribed in combination to achieve a strong action.
The dried rhizomes of Chinese Goldthread, Coptis chinensis Franch., Coptis deltoidea C.Y. Cheng et Hsiao or Coptis teetoides C.Y. Cheng (family Ranunculaceae).
1. to eliminate heat n the heart for insomnia, fidget, delirium due to high fever, irrflammation of the mouth and tongue.
2. to stop diarrhea for acute enteritis and dysentery.
||Siegesbeckia Herb; St. Paulswort
The dried aerial paits of Common St. Paulswort, Siegesbeckia orientalis L., Siegesbeckia pubescens Makino or Siegesbeckia glabrescens Makino (family Campositae).
1. as antirheumatic agent for the treatment of rheumatism.
2. as antihypertensive for the treatment of hypertension.
The dried rhizome of Cibotium barometz (L.) J.Sm. (family Dicksoniaceae).
1. to replenish the liver and kidney, to strengthen the back and knees and as an antirheumatic agent for the treatment of aching back and knees, rheumatic pain in the back and strain of lumbar muscles.
The plastron of fresh-water tortoise, Chinemys reevesii (Gray) (family Testudinidae).
1. to replenish the vital essence and to check the exuberance of the vital function of the liver, and to nourish the kidney for th etreatment of vertigo, chromic tidal fever, night sweat, drymouth, and throat, aching back and knees with asthenia, osteomalacia and rickets.
||Chinese Angelicae Sinensis
Radix Angelicae Sinensis
The dried root of Chinese Angelica, Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels (family Umbelliferae).
1. to nourish the blood and to invigorate the blood circulation for the treatment of menstrual disorders.
2. as an emollient and laxative for chronic constipation of the age and debilitated.
The nest of wasps or hornets, Polistes divaceus (Deg.), Polistes japenicus Sauss., or Parapolybia varia Fabr. (family Vespidae).
It is used externally for suppurative skin diseases; as gargles for pain and swelling of jums; internally for convulsions, urticaria, tumor and chronic cough.
||[jin ying zi]
Fructus Rosae Laevigatae
The fruit of Cherokee Rose, Rosa laevigata Michx. (family Rosaceae).
It is used as an astringent for the treatment of seminal emission, urorrhea, freguent micturition and chronic diarrhea.
||[zao jiao ci]
The thorns of Chinese Honeylocust, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. (family Leguminosae).
1. to reduce inflammation and dispel pus for the treatment of acute purulent inflammations with the effect of promoting local rupture.
2. as antipruitic for the treatment of dermatopathies.
The dried stamens of Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera Gaerin. (family Nymphaeaceae).
It is used as an astringent to consolidate the bital energy of the kidney for the treatment of seminal emission and leucorrhagia.
The carapace of the soft shelled turtle, Trionyx sinensis Wiegmann (family Trionychidae).
It is used to replenish the vital essence and eliminate pathogenic heat, to soften and resolve hard lumps in the body for the treatment of chronic tidal fever, night sweat , abdominal masses such as hepatomegaly and splenomegaly.
The dried fruits of Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemaire (family Zigiberaceae).
It is used to dry dampness and warm up stomach for gastro-intestinal fullness and pain, or nomiting.
It is also used for the treatment of malaria.
||[shi lu pi]
The dried pericarp of Common Pomegranate, Punica granatum L. (family Punicaceae).
It is used as an antidirrhetic agent for the treatment of chronic diarrhea or dyssentery; also used as an anthelmintic for intestinal teniasis and ascariasis.
||[tu bie chong]
Eupolyphaga seu Steleophaga
The dried body of Eupolyphaga sinensis Walk. or Steleophaga plancyi (Bol.) (family Corydiidae).
1. to relieve pain by removing stagnated blood for the treatment of hupochondriac pain due to hepatomegaly or splenomegaly, lumbago and sprain.
2. for the treatment of amenorrhea, masses in abdomen, contused wounds, etc.
||Erythrina Bark; Coral-bean Bark
||[hai tong pi]
The dried bark of Erythrina variegata. L. var. orientalis (L.) Merr. or Erythrina arborescens Roxb. (family Leguminosae).
It is used as antirheumatic agent for the treatment of rheumatalgia, and also exterally for neurodermatitis and chronic eczema.
||[hua jiao] or [chuan jiao]
The dried pericarp of Chinese Prickly-ash. Zanthoxylum schinifolium Sieb. et Zucc. or Bunge's Prickly-ash, Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim. (family Rutaceae).
1. to invigorate the vital function of the stomach by dispelling cold for the treatment of gastralgia and dyspepsia due to cold.
2. as ascaricide.
||Pilose Asiabell Root
Radix Codonopsis Pilosulae
The dried root of Codonopsis Pilosula ( Franch.) Nannf. (family Campanulaceae).
It is used to invigorate the function of spleen and stomach and to replenish the vital energy for the treatment of palpitation, short of breath, weakness of limbs, poor appetite and loose bowel.
||[bai xian pi]
Cortex Dictamni Radicis
The dried rootbark of Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz. (family Rutaceae).
It is used for skin diseases with excessive secretion and itching.
||[deng xin cao]
The dried pith of Common Rush, Huncus effusus L. (family Juncaceae).
It is used as diuretic and febrifuge for the treatment of infections of urinary system.
Herba Artemisiae Scopariae
The dried young shoots of Artemisia scoparia Waldst. et Kit. or Artemisia capillaris Thunb.(family Compositae).
It is used to eliminate damp heat in the liver and gallbladder for the treatment of jaundice, such as icteric hepatitis and cholecystitis.
||[si gua luo]
Retinervus Luffae Frucuts
The dried skeleton ( vascular bundles) of the mature towel gourd, Luffa cylindrica (L.) Roem. (family Cucubitaceae).
1. as antiflammatory and antirheumatic agent for the treatment of rheumatism and arthritis.
2. as diuretic.
Three the same green glass bottles (H:9.53", W:2.68"). Each bottle has three labels adhered to it. Those labels are broken and have tears. The label of blue print is patent trade mark statement; the red label is brand mark; the white label is directions. Those bottles are teh containers of liquid medicine.
Brand of the drug store: Wing Lee Wai
Locations:Tientsin and Hong Kong
Usage and Functions:
Internal: 3 times a day. Take one spoon medicine with one cup of boiled water each time. It can cure fatigue and diarrhea.
External: Heating the liquid medicine by put the bottle in boiling water. Rub wounded areas with the hot liquid. It can cure contusion wound with ecchymosis, and bone or muscle illness cause by wind adn dampness, etc..
The same liquid medicine as 1997.43.123A~C, but the bottle is shorter (H:9", W:6.2")and color is darker. The directions becomes two white labels instead of one white label as 1997.43.123A~C.
A brown glass bottle(H:9", W:6.2"). There are embossed characters on the bottle, which show the same brand and locations as 1997.43.123A~D. There is a tape adhered onthe bottle "Due From CumBERLAND,BC."
||A rectangular metal box. the box is tarnish with rusts, and there are many scratches, yellow glue residues, and some red residues. There is a label adhered to the box. Inside the box are many small brown pills, and there is a thin, brown paper layer around the inner walls. The label is printed in red, and on the label there are black handwriting characters: December 5. According to the label, the medicine is pills of Six Drugs with Rehmannia (Liu wei Dihuang Wan). The six ingredients are Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata, Fructus Corni, Rhizoma Dioscoreae, Rhizoma Alismatis, Poria, Cortex Moutan Radicis.
The medicine is used to replenish vital essence of both the liver and the kidney for the treatment of its deficiency in chronic diseases with symptoms of asthenic fire such as dizziness, tinnitus, sore throat, tidal fever, nocturnal emission, etc.
||A glass dropper with a hardened, red rubber ball. There is a embossed stamp onthe top of the rubber ball. In the bottom of the bottle, there are some red grimes.
Myrrha; Resina Myrrhae
The drug consists of a gumresin obtained from the stem of Commphora molmol Engler and probably other species (family Burseraceae).
It is used to relieve pain and swelling for pains due to blood-stasis, such as traumatic pains.
Radix et Rhizoma Rhei.
The dried root and rhizome of Palmate Rhubarb, Rheum palmatum l., Tangut Rhubarb, Rheum tanguticum Maxim. ex Balf. or Medicinal Rhubarb, Rheum officinale Baill. (family Polygonaceae).
As an purgative an ddetoxicant and to eliminate evil heat, stagnated food and blood stasis for the treatment of fever with constipation and fullness inthe abdomen, acute jaundice, acute appendicitis, incomplete intertinal obstruction, amenorrhea due to blood stasis, hematemesis and epistaxis associated with excessive heat in the blood; used externally for burns, suppurative skin diseases, carbuncles and furuncles.
||[pu gong ying]
The dried aerial parts of Taraxacum mongolicum Hand. -Mazz., Taraxacum sinicum Kitag. or Taraxacum heterolopis Nakai et H. Koidz. (family Compsitae).
It is used for boils, furuncles, and other pyogenic infections.
||Dahurian Angelica Root
Radix Angelicae Dahuricae
The dried root of Angelica dahurica (Fisch. ex Hoffm.) Benth. et Hook. f. or Angellica dahurica var. formosana Boiss. (family Umbelliferae).
1. in the treatment of affection due to wind, cold or dampness, as anodyne for frontal headache, supra-orbital neuralgia, etc..
2. to discarge pus and to reduce swellings for the treatment of boils, carbuncles, thinitis and nasosinusitis.
||[chuan lian zi]
Fructus Meliae Toosendan
The dried fruit of Melia toosendan Sieb. et Zucc. (family Meliaceae).
1. carminative and anodyne for relieving pain at the sides of the cheat, gastro-abdominal pain and pain in the lower abdominal region.
2.anthelmintic for ascariasis and enterobiasis.
||Liquorice; Licorice Root
The dried root and rhizome of Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch., Glycyrrhiza inflata Bat. or Glycyrrhiza glabra L. (family Leguminosae).
1. to invigorate the functions of the heart and spleen for the treatment of symptoms due to deficiency of vital energy of these viscera.
2. as spasmolytic and antitussive for peptic ulcers and cough.
3. as antiphlogistic for sore throat, boils and carbuncles.
4. as antitoxicant for drug poisoning.
The dried barks of Chinese Corktree, Phellodendron chinese Schneid. or Amur Corktree, Phellodendron amurense Rupr. (family Rutaceae).
1. to eliminate heat and dampness for acute dysentery, jaundice, leukorrhea, infection of the urinary system, etc..
2. as detoxicating or antibacterial agent for boils and furuncles.
The dried furits of Capejasmine, Gardenia jasminoides Ellis var. radicans (Thunb.) Makino (family Rubiaceae).
1. antipyretic and sedative for fever with fidget and insomnia.
2. cholagogue for acute icteric hepatitis.
3. antifebrile and hemostatic for bleeding in febrile diseases.
The dried leaf of Pyrrosia sheareri (Bak.) Ching, Pyrrosia lingua (Thunb.) Frawell or Pyrrosia petiolosa (Christ) Ching (family Polypodiaceae).
1. as febrifuge, diuretic and lithagogue for acute infections of the urinary system, calculi of the urinary tract and also for nephritic albuminuria.
2. as antitussive and expectorant for chronic bronchitis with cough and profuse phlegm.
A yellowish or brownih fossil resin.
1. as sedative and tranqilizer for the treatment of insomnia, dreamfulness, palpitation and convulsion.
2. as a diuretic and hemostatic forurodynia and hematuria due to acute infection of the urinary system or calculus formation of the urinary tract.
The dried flowers of Carthamus tinctorius L. (family Compositae).
it is used to stimulate blood flow and relieve pain by removing stagnated blood for the treatment of amenorrhea, chest and abdominal pain, painful swellings due to bloodstasis, hepatomegaly adn splenomegaly; also used for pain of traumatic wounds.
||[chuan shan jia]
The scales of the anteater, Manis petadactyla L. (family Manidae).
1. as emmenagogue and galactagogue for the treatment of amenorrhea and deficiency of lactation.
2. to reduce inflammation and dispel pus for the treatment of acute purulent inflammations.
||Sophora Flower-bud, Pagodatree Flower-bu
||[huai mi] or [huai hua mi]
Flos Sophorae Immaturus
The dried flowers of Japanese Pagodatree, Sophora japonica L. (family leguminosae).
It is used as [huai hua] (see below) but nowadays it is used for the production of rutin.
Sophora Flower; Pagodatree Flower
The dried flowers of Japaness Pagodatree, Sophora japonica L. (family Leguminosae).
It is used as hemostatic by eliminating evil heat from blood, chiefly for the treatment of bleeding for hemorrhoids and blood stools.
||[wu bei zi]
The excrescences produced by an insect on the leaf of Chinese Sumac, Rhus chinensis Mill., Potanin Sumac, Rhus potaninii Maxim., punjab Sumac, Rhus punjabensis Stew. var. sinica (Diels) Rehd. et Wils. (family Anacardiaceae).
1. as an astringent agent for the treatment of persistent cough, night sweating, chronic diarrhea, bloody stool, urorrhea.
2. externally for burns, bleeding due to traumatic injuries, hemorrhoids and ulcers in mouth.
||Phaseolus Seeds, Adsuki Bean
||[chi xiao dou]
The dried seeds of Phaseolus angularis Wight or Phaseolus calcalatus Roxb. (family Leguminosae).
1. as diuretic for edema and oliguria.
2. to detoxicate and dispel pus for suppurative infections of the skin.
||Chinese Medicine Prescription
||A piece of brown paper, which has many creases. The edges of the paper re not even.
The front black calligraphy writing is a Chinese medicine prescription for unknown illness. According to local herbalist, Mr. Choy, this prescription had to be written by a very experienced Chinese doctor. The ingredients showed that this prescription was for someone who had a very serious illness, like cancer, but Mr. Choy cannot tell which illness this prescription for.
The back of the paper has three pencil written words"Wing Wo Ching," which seems like a name.
See the catalogue sheet for the information about the ingredients.
||Rectangular box with paper label. Filled with cards. they are black on one side and have black and red marks on the other sides.
||Octagonal shaped box with 10 coils of incense. Red paper label on the box top with images of gods. Precious Tripod Brand. Incense is wrapped in plastic.
||Rectangular box with glass vial. "Three Flowers Brilliantine Richard Hudnut New York Paris"
||A - C: Glass bottles of Chinese Ink. They have screw-on metal caps and paper labels in Chinese and English. "Kwang Yune (Kee Ki) Co. Chinese Ink, 5 oz., Made in Hong Kong.
C: Still in original box but has no cap.
||Paper Money Coins
Rectangular lidded box with paper label with printed Buddhist figure on the front. At each end is printed in English and Chinese: "TRADE - $100 MARK" 92 cardboard disks are inside each painted silver and stamped like a coin. Three are covered with gold foil.
||Two soldered tin cans with paper labels in Chinese.
Lidded tin box with painted label. "Pedro cut plug smoking tobacco." Filled with tobacco.
Blue printed cover with Chinese characters, god of heaven on the front. Inside are 90 foil paper pouches and some plain foil paper leaves.
||Rectangular box covered with yellow paper with pink paper label in Chinese.
6 are small white
1 small bone material
2 large tan material
||3 - Matchboxes
3 Chinese matchboxes made of wood with paper labels. Two are "Best Safety Matches" and one is "Safety Matches"
A - I: boxes of Milo Egyptian Cigarettes. Boxes are unopened, except I, and have a stamp date of 1901.
J: Imperiales cigarettes - Round paper package with cork tips. Tobacco has fallen out of the top of the cigarettes.
K: Schinasi Bros. cigarettes. Dated 1909.
||11 - Cigars, individually wrapped.
A-B: Optima brand
C-D: La Palino brand
E-F: Mozart brand
G: El Roi-tan brand
H: Optima brand with yellow label.
I: Chancellor brand
J: Muriel brand
K: No label
hexagonal tin canister with hinged lid with a white knob on the top. Illustrations of 18th century European scenes. Contains tan powder.
||Bamboo writing brush.
hair brush in bamboo bogy with cap. Etched
Chinese Nationalist KMT flags
They alternate between single large Sun on blue and smaller sun on a red and blue background. Each has a string on the end to tie together. Wrapped in pink paper package.
||4 - Chinese wood block prints on red paper.
||Herbal medicine wrap paper labels
6 - brown paper wrappers with Chinese written labels and stamped "Herbert Au Fong" labels.
||43 - Chinese stamp books with no stamps.
||4 cellophane packages with Chinese stamps, 1961, 1964, 1973
1 - brown paper leaf with Thai stamps
||3 - Hong Kong dollars
1 - Central Bank of China, 25,000 Customs Gold Units
1 - Thai $100 bill
||1 - bundle and 1 bill of mock money
Used for funeral or remebrance ceremonies.
||6 herb bundles wrapped in paper. See 1997.043.179
Iron oxide in brown paper wrapper
Wrapped in white butcher paper
||Dried Bean curd
yellowish organic matter
Dark brown stems
Woody stalks and branches wrapped in brown paper.
Dark purplish powder
Powdery, dusty short broken roots.
Brown dried roots
Brown seed pods and stems
||These are Eng Aun Tong (TJAP) Harima_ Tiger Balm medicien ointment developed approximatively a century ago by two Vhinese brothers, Hu Wen-hu adn Hu Wen-bao. Wen means "gentle", and hu means "tiger," so the brothers decided tcall their formula Tiger Balm.
Functions and Usages:
Tiger Balm relieves tightness of the chest and produces a soothing effect on the pains due to cold, fatigue, exposure, srain, or rheumatism. For such conditions the parts are well rubbed with the Chinese ointment two or three times a day and covered with a warm flannel. It is also used as an inhalant for stuffed up noses, nasal drip, and head colds. A few whiffs of the vaper soothes the upper air passages and gives your head a clear feeling. It can be used for mosquitoes bite by applying it to the bitten parts.
Reference: "Secrets of the Chinese Herbalists" by Lucas, Richard Melvin. 1977. West Nyack, N.Y. pp51-53.
A small red, round container (D:1", H:0.67") of Tiger Balm ointment. The container now can not be opened. The red varnish is a little flaked. There are two flate faces, and one is with a raised tiger and Chinese characters inside a golden circle, and this face has a residue; another face is a tiger and English vrand in a golden circle.
A hexagonal shaped glass bottle (W:1", H:1.81") with a orange-golden color screw cap. There are a trade mark and the name of medicine carved on the cap. There is paper with triangle edge angered to the glass. The paper has many torns, folding marks and worn out marks. There is a running tiger and words: HP7 and OIMI embossed in the bottom of glass. there is only a little brown-yellow ointment left in the bottle.
This is a hexagonal shaped glass bottle (H:1.5", W: 1.77"), which is wrapped with paper label, with a golden color, carved cap. But teh golden color of the cap is faded in several areas. Inside the cap, the metal's color is silver, and there are several oil stains on it.
In the bottom of the bottle is raised a running tiger. The wrapped paper is golden color, and is broken in several areas. The whole paper becomes darker so the characters and drawings on it are vague.
The color of ointment is brown-yellow, and it has strong smell.
A glass bottle(W: 1.10", H:1") with a metal screwing acap. The golden color on the cap is fading. The top of the cap is raised a running tiger and manes of the medicine and the brand.
The upper side of the label, which is around the glass bottle, is broken, and the label is dark an a little blurred. There is a running tiger raised on the bottom, and on the each side of the bottle also has something raised on it but is hidden behind the label. There is some ointment left in the bottle. The ointment is brown.
||A - B: A round gold colored metal lidded bottle wrapped with paper. this bottle was used to store Chinese medicine that cures men's sexual disfunction and women's menstrual illness and childbirth related problems. Now bottle has small bandages in it.
C: Perscription - patent medicine description or the original medicine in the bottles. (In ARCHIVES)
D - G: Bandages. Four small bandages in paper wrapped around metal hub.
||A - B: A round gold colored metal lidded bottle, same as 1997.43.190. but there is no paper wrapped around the top. Inside are:
C: Human teeth. 26 in all.
||Three wooden bottles
Three different size bamboo bottles with open tops. They are concave in shape and have a carved band around the center.
Two fitted ends. the upper part has a number on it: "#2043"
some stains on the exterior.
the surface is sanded but not finished.
||Wooden Vial Ear cleaning set.
A - B: Lidded wooden vial with lid has four stamps on one side. Two purple and two green.
C - E: Ear cleaning set.
C: Spoon shaped ear pick wrapped in fine metal wire.
D: Brush on handle wrapped in fine metal wire.
E: Pointed stick with the handle wrapped in fine metal wire.
||Two part wax pill container
Round shaped yellowish wax ball in two halves.
On each half is a red stamp. One is the name of a store and the other is the function of the pill - for muscle or bone injury.
||Two yellow brown plastic bottles with lids
Some stains on them.
||A box of tusks
Brown cardboard box with three tusks or claws.
||A woven wooden basket
Woven in a loose x pattern.
Inside are several bamboo leaves folded down into the basket. Inside the basket were two papers, one a tea label and one a red piece no longer legible.
||2 - Large tall signs of plywood backing, red plastic Chinese charaters framed with glass.
A: Gives the name of the doctor; Chen Yuen tse, and then says: Wonderful medicine, through the ages, healing for a thousand years.
B: Says: Golden needle, healing hand, Good Technique, Good Doctor in the tradition of Qi Bo. signed by Ma Wen Shan with greatest respect.
Gardenia scented votive candle wrapped in blue netting, tied with purple ribbon which has Charlene and Eugene and wedding date printed in silver. Two white silk flowers in ribbon knot two origami cranes, one silver, one gold, in top of netting.
||Kimono and sash used as lounging robe
A: Long kimono with medium length sleeves made of grey silk and lined with grey habutai silk. There are 13 dragons embroidered on the front, back and sleeves. The dragon body is couched with silver thread, the face and claws are embroidered with olive colored purple thread; white and black eyes and horns and white and wine colored underbelly. Dragons are surrounded with brown, Ppink, green and orange wispy clouds. Larger clouds are interspersed with the dragons over the body of the kimono. The hem is padded and there is a self fabric loop sewn into the back of the collar which extends half way down the front.
B: Sash, H: 7.75", L: 78", grey silk with the same lining as the kimono. Green brown and orange, clouds embroidered in a line design near both ends of the sash, Knotted fringe at each end, 6.75" Long.
Hand woven of turquoise silk with gold metallic thread woven into the selvage and scattered paisley motifs and two end borders of floral paisley design bordered with dotted lines.One corner is a white silk label with brown woven printing, "Hand woven Pure silk Made in India"
Machine woven of turquoise and white silk and gold metallic thread in an all over pattern of squares containing floral and paisley designs. There is an inner border near both ends and two borders running a few inches from the sides. There is a selvige on one side and another hem on the other side and both ends. A gold metallic thread fringe, 2.25" deep is knotted along both ends.
Fine hand woven cashmere wool scarf off white color, with large embroidered bands near each end in red, blue, yellow, pink, peach, turquoise, green, and black. Silk threads in a floral and paisley design. The large bands are bordered by less dense floral motifs. Above these bands are two paisley motifs. A small embroidered border runs along the sides near the edge which is finished with a green wool band that has been stitched on. The ends of the shawl have a self fringe two inches long.
On one end is a cloth label with black ink printing "shawl, Kashmir India, 1800 - 1810, Blanche Payne"
Condition: there are sereral moth holes about the scarf and signs of mending in a few places.
Oblong olive colored silk satin runner seamed 1/4 of th eway from one edge. (indicating the runner may have been mad eform traditional Chinese clothing). On each end are identical embroidered floral motifs. Consisiting of blue, green, pink, and purple chrysanthemums, daisys and orchids and rocks. Two small birds are flying above on the left and are embroidered with round bronzed and white silk thread. Areas in inner border made of black machine woven ribbon with white flowers that have red centers and green leaves. The outside edge is bound with biased black satin binding. The back is lined with off white habutai silk.
Condition: Numerous stains on the front and back.
||Brown feather fan with horn handle. Ten feathers (possibly goose) are attached to the handle with a loop of thick copper or brass wire. The bottoms are further secured with an additional silver-colored wired and knotted quill. There is a white paper label with blue characters at the top of the handle. The translation is "Guangzhou (Canton), Kuang Yuan Ward, A Happen Omen [or a good luck object or auspicious object for happiness].
||Feather plume with jade handle
Long shafted feather is wrapped with red thread at base, additionally wrapped in red paper, and inserted into a yellowish-white colored jade handle carved into a curved rectangular shape. The jade handle has a notch at the bottom with a hole carved through, to allow the plume to be tied to the top of an official's hat. The top of the feather plume contains green and yellow shafts which look like peacock.
See: A.C. Scott, "Chinese Costume in Transition", 1958, pp. 22-24. "A form of hat decoration was the plume or feather, of which the best known was the peacock feather...A distinction awarded for merit. It was an order or decoration conferred as a reward for distinguished public service or as a mark of Imperial favor. It was nnot necessarily the prerogative of every official as is sometimes thought. The fact that towards the end of the Ch'ing dynasty it was possible for officials to purchase the right to wear the most common order of the peacock feather probably gave rise to its misunderstanding...The peacock feather was approximately one foot long...plumes were attached in a small jade tube, fixed to the crown of the hat and worn so that the feather protruded obliquely downwards over the brim of the hat at the rear."
Note: Included in miscellaneous notes and fragments tucked into the accession ledger was a small card with the following information:
6-94 M. Marshall
For auction - or collection?
This was a "peacock feather" that conquering genrals wore in their hats. Jade handle. Brought from China by family that started hospitals in universitys in the 1800's.
||Black silk yardage with gold brocade medallions with bats
Machine woven silk with "Standard HK" printed on white selvages. The silk has a black background with medallions in gold brocade and the character for "lu" (riches) or "shou" (longevity) in black brocade evenly dispersed all over. Each gold medallion features a fancy version of the character "lu" surrounded by five bats. This fabric was probably purchased in Hong Kong for the purposes of making a cheong-sam or jacket. The fabric has been cut from a bolt and is unraveling slightly at both ends.
||Set of eleven hand-modelled brown clay figurines with "Hong Kong" stamped in orange ink on the bottom. The figures portray robed Buddhist (?) monks and peasants. Traces of brown paint on each figure. Thirteen pieces include two meads which have become detached from figures.
A. Robed man of mottled light and dark brown clay standing and holding an alms bowl (?) in his right hand with left hand behind his back. Knotted hair and shoes painted brown.
B. Robed man of mottled light and dark brown clay standing and holding a lotus leaf umbrella in his right hand with left hand behind his back. The lotus leaf is molded from gray clay. Knotted hair and shoes painted brown.
C. Robed man of mottled light and dark brown clay standing and holding a conch shell is his right hand with left hand behind his back. The fan is molded from gray clay. Knotted hair and shoes painted brown.
D. Robed man of dark brown clay standing and holding a cup in his right hand with left hand behind his back. The cup is molded from mottled gray clay. Knotted hair and shoes painted brown.
E. Robed man of mottled light and dark brown clay standing and holding a book in his right hand with left hand behind his back. The book is molded from gray clay. Knotted hair and shoes painted brown.
F. Peasant figure of dark brown clay standing with bundle of twigs in left hand at shoulder. The head has become detached from the body. The man's hat and bundle are made from white clay. He wears a tunic and pair of shorts. The shorts are painted dark brown.
G. Robed man of mottled light and dark brown clay standing and holding a fan in his right hand with left hand behind his back. The fan is molded from gray clay. Knotted hair and shoes painted brown. The head has become detached from the body.
H. Peasant figure of dark brown clay standing with a hat or umbrella slung over the left shoulder. Probably a woman. The hat is molded made from white clay. She wears a shirt and long pants. Hair and shoes are painted dark brown.
I. Peasant figure of dark brown clay standing and possibly doing t'ai chi. He wears a white hat and has a white beard. He wears a tunic and shorts painted dark brown.
J. Seated robed man of dark brown clay holding a bowl in right hand. Right shoulder is uncovered, left hand is entwined in robed. Seated with legs crossed and visible shoe painted dark brown.
K. Seated peasant figure of dark brown clay holding a pipe in his left hand. He wears a white hat and has a white beard. He wears a tunic and shorts painted dark brown.
||Fragment of rose colored silk, hand lettered in black ink with three sections of text which pledges the allegiance of numerous signees belonging to a secret brotherhood supporting the activities of the Chinese Nationalists.
Plain woven silk with handwritten Chinese characters. Both selvages are still intact but the top and bottom are frayed so that portions of the text are missing. According to Tzu-an Chang (Intern 1997-98) this declaration would have been copied several times so that each of the signees could receive their own copy of the document.
||Javanese cotton batik sarong with bird and flower motif.
Machine woven plain weave cotton, beige colored with brown, rust, dark blue, and light blue dyes. The fabric has been folded in half and machine stitched along one side to form a tube skirt. The cloth was mended with several patches before dying. Both the top and bottom edges feature a border approximately 1/4" tall with rust colored parallel vertical lines. Along the top is a rust colored horizontal border with flower tendrils and leaves. The main body of the fabric features several different designs. A large blue ground approximately 24" wide is near the stitched seam on one side. It shows to birds flying above a large floral design.The rest of the fabric ground is off-white (beige colored) and features a number of floral motifs, birds, and butterflies. Large areas of dark and spotted beige staining indicate that there may have been a problem with the wax resist during the dying process. An oval stamp of black ink near the seam is illegible for the most part but appears to indicate the city where the fabric was made.
||Cotton undergarment with waistband and ties
One piece loin cloth style garment made from plain woven cotton with a lavender hue. The waistband is 2+" high and is a single rectangular piece which has been folded in half lengthwise and machine stitched along the bottom to attach it to the rest of the garment and form a pocket for a stiffener inside. The lower portion of the loin cloth consists of two pieces, each cut to form a curve at the top which tapers into straight sides toward the bottom. These two pieces are stitched together along the central vertical axis. Embroidered in red thread on the inside center of the waistband are the Chinese character for "shu" and a "2", which indicates the person's name. Attached to each end of the waistband is a long string of woven cotton to tie the garment into place.
||Hand woven cream colored silk square with machine stich (of clear nylon thread) to finish edges.
See Accession File: card originally attached to fabric square reads: "Jack Lenor Larsen Inc, Canton Crepe, 2412/01, ivory, Thaibok, 100% silk, handwoven in China, 36" wide, (not guaranteed against fading nor for precise matching of color), 232 East 59 Street, New York, N.Y., 10022, 212 674-3993". Thaibok is most likely the manufacturer and Jack Lenor Larsen Inc the distributor.
Note: The square may have been altered, as it does not measure 36" wide. Or this tag, found in the accession ledger, may not have originally been attached to the fabric square.
||Machine woven sash with orange ground and gold brocade chrysanthemum designs.
The sash may have been hand made by recycling another piece of clothing. The sash has been created from two pieces of cloth stitched together to provide enough length. These pieces were folded in half lengthwise and stitched along one edge, but the seam is hidden because the edges have been folded back toward the middle to create 1/2" wide hems which were hand stitched together inside the fold. The orange ground is a satin weave. The brocade designs form chrysanthemums, leaves, and stems. Some of the gold layers have broken away from the central threads. There is a stain at one end of the sash.
||Silk (?) hand woven fabric with multicolored plaid in maroon, pink, green, yelow, and white. The warp and weft threads are each laid out in sections of various colored threads to form intersecting stripes. The weave creates a complex diamond pattern over the entire surface of the fabric. The selveges are warp dominated by white thread.
||Silk yardage, purple and cream checked
Handwoven silk with sections of cream colored warp threads and sections of purple warp threads intersecting with both cream and purple weft threads. The overall pattern created is a checkered one of large squares (approx 3.5" x 3") which are dark purple, light purple, and cream. At the center of the fabric length is a wide horizontal band with a pattern that is slightly more intricate. wide vertical stripes, alternating between dark purple and light purple, are highlighted by thin horizontal cream colored stripes. The narrow horizontal stripes are placed approximately .75" apart, except for at the horizontal center of this section where there is a broader spacing which separates the thin cream stripes into an upper section and an identical lower section.
||Single piece, light colored wood shuttle with inserted spool of pink thread on bamboo rod.
A: The shuttle is long with narrow ends widening toward an ovoid central opening which holds the thread spool. One side of the shuttle is flat so that while resting flat on a surface, the opening for the spool is on the top. This "top-side" is carved so that the opening is flanked by two arms whose sides extend up toward a raised, central edge. The compartment for the spool has been carved out into a rectangular shape with rounded corners. There is a hole through which the thread extends. A notch and small hole on the central axis of the ovoid allow the spool to be inserted into the shuttle.
B: The spool is a narrow rod of cut bamboo. L: 4". Through the bamboo tube a metal wire ressembling an opened paperclip has been inserted to hold the spool into place. Around the spool is wound quite a bit of bright pink thread.
||Rectangular iron peg with the number "4" engraved on the bottom, probably used as a key in a machine for printing type.
The key is a solid piece of metal, carved into a rectangular form, similar to a seal (chop), with rounded corners at the top and a raised number four on the bottom formed by a reductive process. There are traces of rust on the key.
||Two white spouted ceramic containers with lids, probably used for serving an alcoholic beverage. Each container is hand-painted with the same figural scene in similar colors. The containers are white porcelein, glazed and hand painted. A scholar or court figure stands by a table near a fence. One boy is behind this man and two others face him. On the table is a vase and another container. There are mountains in the backround. The figures are drawn in orange line and their clothing is colored blue, purple, green, and orange.
A. Spouted container 4 3/8" in height with long narrow neck and squared shoulder. The figural scene has faded in color.
B. Spouted container 4.25" in height with long narrow neck and rounded shoulder. Traces of gold color on the lip of the spout.
C. Round flat lid with purple and blue clouds outlined in black and gold paint around the rim.; 1.5" diameter.
D. Round flat lid with purple and blue clouds outlined in black and gold paint around the rim; 1 9/16" diameter.
||Cast metal rectangular weight with mythical figure. The weight is fairly heavy and may be bronze although the surface appears to be copper. On the bottom are pressed into the surface four characters in Seal Script style. A white pigment has is imbedded in the lines forming the characters. The surface of the metal weight has been treated to achieve a smooth and mottled finish. A cast mythical creature has been attached to the weith with metal rods which have been filed in order to maintain a smooth surface. The creature is amphibious with large eyes and a long tail which forms a curvilinear design. The creature may be related to the Chinese dragon and is perhaps the variety called "Pi-hsi" which is associated with literature although one description describes Pi-hsi as being representative of a male and female tortoise.
See: "Outlines of Chinese Symbolism and Art Motives" by C.A.S. Williams, pub. 1976, Dover Publications. Page 137-- "Pi-hsi, carved on the top of stone tablets, since it was fond of literature".
||Two woven cuff protectors made from a reed fiber used to protect the cuffs from ink damage in the printing business. Similar to abandoned property from Quong Tuck building. Each is conical with the diameter at one end being slightly smaller than that at the other. The narrower end of each cuff protector is reinforced with four narrow rows of braided fiber. The wider end is reinforced with a single wider row of braided material. The main body of the cuff protectors is a twill weave and is flexible so that it can stretch and spring back into place.
B. H: 4.75"
||Hand embroidered flower blossoms and grass on stiff, white silk or polyesther panel.
The blossoms are pink and white with several shades of green thread for branches, leaves, and grasses. Satin and chain stitched, primarily, with some knots. In the upper left are three strings of Chinese characters. The edges of the panel are finished with a simple hem stitch of white thread. At the bottom is a horizontal crease caused by a long term fold.
According to a cataloge record started in the past but never finished, the calligraphy reads "A summer day in the sixth year of MinGuo" (Nationalist Government) (summer 1917). Embroidered by "Shi, Shen-Fen at chang Ping Girl's School".
||Rectangular, black ink stick wrapped in white paper
A smooth, hard black block is wrapped in white paper which is glued along a seam at the back, leaving the two ends of the ink stick exposed. On the paper is printed a red drum shape at the bottom with a wand going through it (fukuzutsumi) which is related to magic wand symbolism. This black ink is referred to as "sumi", or Chinese black ink, and is traditionally formed by combining soot with fish oil. The ink stick is ground on an ink stone and water is added to create a watercolor pigment.
||Watercolor painted on silk and mounted on paper. Depicted is the Emperor Shen Tzong (r. ), according to intern, Tzu-an Chang. The watercolor is painted on a yellowed silk. An outlining technique is used to create a simple line drawing showing the emperor's face and shoulders (a bust portrait). Black outline is used for the hat and clothing. Gray/brown outline is used for the face. A horizontal brown line divides the painting roughly into two equal halves. This line may possibly represent the back of a chair, a wall molding, or the top of a wall. The emperor wears a simple brown hat, and a yellow robe with green collar and belt. A bit of white collar from an undergarment is also visible. The emperor has white eybrows, moustache, and thin beard. Two lines of calligraphy are in the upper left corner. Two chops are stamped in red in the lower right corner. The painting is bordered with an approximately one-inch wide strip of dark blue damask fabric on each side and is entirely backed with an off white paper. A thin brown paper border trims the outermost edge of each side and appears in a wider border on the back of the painting (adhered to the paper backing). Folds in the paper have led to some wrinkling of the fabric on the front of the painting. It would appear that eventual cracking of the paper is inevitable, possibly leading to tears in the fabric.
||Two paintings on paperboard trimmed with cut and painted foil.
A: Perhaps a theatrical scene, depicting a visitor and his entourage entering from the right toward a group (court figures and a man with painted face) occupying an interior/exterior scene at the center and the left. The painting style is somewhat crude but includes intricate detailing. The pigment may be watercolor or tempera and is painted on white paper. The central image is surrounded by an immediate border of painted white paper which has been cut to display some openwork. Painted along this border are images of fruits and flowers and a bat (?). Behind this white paper, a layer of red paper is visible through the open work. At the top center of this border a sticker with red ink on white ground has been adhered. It is in the form of an upside down butterfly. The exterior border is an intricate gold foil, cut and painted in a similar fashion to the white paper border. Painted alon the border are images of birds, butterflies, cats, lotus, peach, citron, fan, bell and other fruits and flowers. Many of the symbols appear to have Buddhist connotations. Behind some of the painted images a piece of silver metal (or very thick foil) has been inserted so that it will show through the open work in the gold foil layer on the top. Some of the open work is in the form of Chinese characters. Red paper is visible through the openwork where there is not silver middle layer. A layer of off white paper serves as a backing for the piece. The paint is severely flaking from the painted foil sections. Two pieces of yellowed tape are visible on the back to repair tears.
B: Is quite similar to (A) and was certainly painted by the same hand(s). The borders are virtually identical but the central scene differs. Depicted is a group interior scene with two figures whose faces are painted in the manner of warriors of the Chinese opera. This painting has experienced less paint loss than (A). On the back there is a long piece of yellowed tape along the central vertical axis.
||A - O: Set of 14 coins attached to a cardboard with thread.
||Six coins: three silver colored coins of three sizes, each bearing the same two characters on both front and back; two aluminum colored coins; one bronze colored coin.
A, B, C: Three silver-colored coins with two characters, printed in raised lettering, one above the other, both appearing on both sides of the coins. Diameters: 1.5"; 1.25";.875"
E, F: Two aluminum colored coins, each with the same two characters, printed in raised lettering, one above the other, appearing on one side of the coin, and different characters indicating monetary denomination on the other. The smaller of the two contains the character mao (or jiao) which is the character meaning one-tenth of the basic Chinese monetary unit, the kuai (or yuan). Diameters: 1.5"; 1"
D: One bronze colored coin with The same two characters shared by one side of coins E and F on one side and the characters for "5 jiao" on the other. Diameter: 1.25"